Ελληνική Έκδοση Site Map Contact Us



 

Home / History of our town / Constantia

Constantia


The complete destruction of Salamis came about in 332 and 342 A.D after consecutive earthquakes that left much of the city submerged. Emperor Constantios II, one of the three sons of Constantine the Great, took control of the Eastern Roman State after the division of the Empire and assisted in the reconstruction of the city under the Christian name of Constantia. The city became both a religious and administrative metropolis and the Emperor restored the whole of Salamis to its former size and grandeur. According to Ioannis Malalas he “ built great buildings and made generous donations to the citizens of the city, and relieved them from tax duties for four years”.

The importance of Constantia can be seen in the two basilicas that were built during this period, the Basilica of Kampanopetra and St Epiphanius, considered the greatest of the two (58x42 metres). It was an impressive monument, with three aisles on either side of the central nave separated by stone columns. The Kampanopetra basilica consisted of a large colonnaded rectangular courtyard with porticos on all four sides, adjoining a three-aisled basilica on the west.

Constantia was considered a metropolis, that is, the capital of Cyprus . It is here that during the 7 th century Heraclius (father and son) founded the mint, where coins were struck for two years to pay for the troops.


The Basilica of Campanopetra in Salamis


Print this page Top Mail

Designed & Developed by NETinfo Services Ltd.
No images, text or other material whatsoever from this website may be copied, published, re-produced or otherwise used without the written permission of NETinfo Services Ltd.