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Arsinoe


In 294, when Demetrius was preoccupied with other military extraditions in Greece , Ptolemy I conquered Cyprus and incorporated it into his kingdom whose capital was Alexandria . Ptolemy II Philadelphos, founded three cities in Cyprus that bore the name of his sister Arsinoe, who became a divine figure after her death. One city was founded in Marion, the other close to the village Yeroskipou and the other city next to Salamis .
Arsinoe and the harbour must have been built after 274 by Ptolemy since Salamis had been destroyed by earthquakes. This new city was built exactly opposite the kingdom of the Seleycides, the Greek kingdoms in Syria and the main adversaries of the Ptolemies. The harbour of Arsinoe was undoubtedly the naval base of the Ptolemaic fleet.

 


Map of the Middle East by Claudius Ptolemaeus, showing Cyprus divided in regions.
Courtesy by the Cultural Foundation of the Bank of Cyprus


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